Cement is widely used in every construction, these days. However, there are different types of cement available and each one has its exclusive properties, uses along with advantages based on composition materials employed all through its manufacture.
There are different types of Cement. Below mentioned illustration shall help to understand use of each type:
1. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC)
It is the most extensively used type of cement, which is right for all general concrete construction.
2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
This cement contains a high resistance to different chemical attacks on concrete measured up to with ordinary portland cement, and hence, it is widely used.
3. Rapid Hardening Cement
It is utilized in concrete where formworks are detached at an early stage and are alike to ordinary portland cement (OPC). It is employed in prefabricated concrete construction, road works, et cetera.
4. Quick setting cement
The prime difference between the quick setting cement as well as rapid hardening cement is that former cement sets earlier. It is used where works is to be finished in very short period as well as for concreting in static or running water.
5. Low Heat Cement
It is suitable for mass concrete construction such as gravity dams, as the low heat of hydration, stops the cracking of concrete due to heat.
6. Sulfates Resisting Cement
This is used to reduce the hazard of sulfate attack on concrete and therefore is used in the erection of foundations where the soil has elevated sulfate content.
7. Blast Furnace Slag Cement
It can be exercised for works where economic considerations are largest.
8. High Alumina Cement
It is used in construction where concrete is subjected to high temperatures, frost, in addition to acidic action.
9. White Cement
It is costlier and is exercised for architectural purposes like precast curtain wall along with facing panels, terrazzo surface, etc. as well as for interior and exterior decorative work such as outside renderings of buildings, floorings, facing slabs, ornamental concrete products, swimming pools, paths of gardens, etc.